Plug-in electric vehicles (PEV) use a battery and electric motor. These are used alone or in combination with a gas engine to propel the vehicle. All PEV batteries must be charged by plugging the vehicle in to an external power source. There are three main types of PEVs:
- Battery electric vehicles (BEV)
- A BEV uses only the energy stored in its rechargeable battery packs to power an electric motor. BEVs have a range of about 60 to 100 miles. BEVs include the Nissan Leaf, Ford Focus Electric and Tesla Model S.
- Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV)
- A PHEV uses an electric motor and an internal combustion engine. There are separate inputs into the vehicle drive train to propel the vehicle. It has a range of about 500 miles and requires 4 to 5 hours to charge. PHEVs include the Ford C-Max Energi and Toyota Plug-In Prius.
- Extended range electric vehicles (EREV)
- EREVs have battery packs, allowing for all-electric driving for up to 40 miles. Once battery life is depleted, the vehicle uses a gas-powered generator to extend the driving range an additional 300-plus miles. EREVs include the Chevrolet Volt, Cadillac ELR and VIA Trux.
Today, consumers can choose from multiple major automakers that offer plug-in electric vehicles. WPS is only providing information and does not endorse or recommend any specific manufacturer or distributor. We do offer resources to help you learn more: